Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Essential Management of packages over APT-GET

Essential Management of packages over APT-GET
Apt-get package manager is the default in Ubuntu distro and other distos which are based on it like Linux Mint and others, apt-get is known by its ability to manage packages and repositories system quickly and easily, we will explain in this post simple basics of package management system via apt-get.

In Linux, specifically Ubuntu, there are so-called repositories, which are a place where you can find all versions of packages and applications so that the users can later install easily by adding a link of a repository to their system and use apt-get to install software they want, creating a repository is not for new users it is an advanced stage, now you will learn a few basic commands for apt-get.

To install the package :

sudo apt-get install package 

Do not forget to replace package to the name of package you want to install.

To remove a package :

sudo apt-get remove package 

To remove the pack and all the settings :

sudo apt-get purge package 

To check for updates :

sudo apt-get update 

To upgrade a specific package :

sudo apt-get upgrade pacakge 

To upgrade all packages :

sudo apt-get upgrade 

To search for the package :

sudo apt-cache search package 

To add a repository from Launchpad :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa: something/someone 

Do not forget to replace the text in red colour to the repository, which you find in Launchpad.

To remove the repository from Launchpad :

sudo add-apt-repository - remove ppa: something / someone 

To clean up the packages from /var/cache/apt/archives/ :

sudo apt-get clean 

To remove the non-required packages :

sudo apt-get autoremove 

You can explore more options for apt-get commands in some online guides.


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